The Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) are the emissions reduction targets voluntarily set by each individual signatory country to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. They constitute a part of the agreement reached at the United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP21) held in Paris in late 2015.
On June 30, 2015, China submitted to the United Nations a plan of action entitled Enhanced Actions on Climate Change: China's Intended Nationally Determined Contributions. Based on its prevailing national conditions, the stage of development at which it stands, a strategy for sustainable development, and the international responsibilities that it bears, China has made a set of commitments that are to be reached by 2030 at the latest: to achieve its peak carbon dioxide emissions (and to make every possible effort to peak earlier); to lower carbon dioxide emissions per unit of GDP by 60 to 65 percent from the 2005 level; to increase the share of non-fossil fuels in primary energy consumption to around 20 percent; to increase its forest stock by around 4.5 billion cubic meters against the 2005 level.
China also unveiled its future goals through 2020, 2030, and thereafter, and outlined the relevant policies and measures designed to attain these goals. China's INDCs herald a new policy, and represent a pledge it has made to the international community.