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Greater Transparency in the Exercise of Power

Updated: 2014-11-18 | By: China.org.cn

Greater Transparency in the Exercise of Power

Power is susceptible to abuse at all levels if it is not subject to constraints and oversight. Greater transparency in the exercise of power requires an improved system of checks and balances, and greater participation of the people in monitoring the way in which authority is used, so as to ensure that government departments and agencies exercise power within their respective mandates and in accordance with procedural requirements. In addition to more constraints on power, it entails rational separation and distribution of powers. It is important to put in place a sound system and implementation mechanisms through which different functions are performed by different government departments, agencies or individuals. Oversight should be stepped up, and the performance of government functions, particularly by those who hold top positions at all levels, should be placed under more rigorous scrutiny. Internal oversight should also be strengthened, and so should administrative supervision, auditing and onsite inspections. The presence of commissions for discipline inspection should be extended to all Party and state bodies, and onsite inspections should cover all government departments, state enterprises and public institutions nationwide. To increase transparency, a complete list of powers should be established for governments at all levels and their functional departments, and procedures for exercising power made public in accordance with the law. Oversight by the people is essential to ensuring greater accountability and appropriate exercise of public authority. Any move to strengthen checks and balances and oversight must be accompanied by measures to ensure the independence and authority of commissions for discipline inspection in performing their duties.

让权力在阳光下运行

权力不论大小,只要不受制约和监督,都可能被滥用。让权力在阳光下运行,就是要健全权力运行制约和监督体系,让人民监督权力,确保国家机关按照法定权限和程序行使权力。要强化制约,合理分解和配置权力,不同性质的权力由不同部门、单位、个人行使,形成合理的权力结构和运行机制。要强化监督,着力改进对领导干部特别是一把手行使权力的监督,加强领导班子内部监督,加强行政监察、审计监督、巡视监督。纪委派驻监督要对党和国家机关全覆盖,巡视监督要对地方、部门、企事业单位全覆盖。要强化公开,推行地方各级政府及其工作部门权力清单制度,依法公开权力运行流程,让权力在阳光下运行,让人们监督,保证权力正确行使。增强权力制约和监督效果,还必须保证各级纪委监督权的相对独立性和权威性。