习近平主席在联合国日内瓦总部的演讲(全文)
Full text: Speech by Xi Jinping at the United Nations Office at Geneva

 
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1月18日,国家主席习近平在瑞士日内瓦万国宫出席“共商共筑人类命运共同体”高级别会议,并发表题为《共同构建人类命运共同体》的主旨演讲。[新华社 饶爱民 摄]
Chinese President Xi Jinping delivers a keynote speech at the United Nations Office in Geneva, Switzerland, Jan. 18, 2017. (Xinhua/Rao Aimin)
国家主席习近平18日在联合国日内瓦总部发表了题为《共同构建人类命运共同体》的主旨演讲。演讲全文如下: Chinese President Xi Jinping delivered a keynote speech at the United Nations Office in Geneva, Switzerland, Jan. 18, 2017. Following is the full text of Xi's speech.

共同构建人类命运共同体
——在联合国日内瓦总部的演讲
中华人民共和国主席 习近平
(2017年1月18日,日内瓦)

Work Together to Build a Community of Shared Future for Mankind
Speech by H.E. Xi Jinping
President of the People's Republic of China
At the United Nations Office at Geneva
Geneva, 18 January 2017

尊敬的联合国大会主席汤姆森先生,
尊敬的联合国秘书长古特雷斯先生,
尊敬的联合国日内瓦总部总干事穆勒先生,
女士们,先生们,朋友们:
Your Excellency Mr. Peter Thomson, President of the 71st Session of the UN General Assembly,
Your Excellency Mr. António Guterres, UN Secretary-General,
Your Excellency Mr. Michael Møller, Director-General of the UN Office at Geneva,
Ladies and Gentlemen, Friends,
一元复始,万象更新。很高兴在新年伊始就来到联合国日内瓦总部,同大家一起探讨构建人类命运共同体这一时代命题。 As a new year begins, everything takes on a new look, and it gives me great pleasure to visit the United Nations Office at Geneva and discuss with you the building of a community of shared future for mankind, which is the call of our time.
我刚刚出席了世界经济论坛年会。在达沃斯,各方在发言中普遍谈到,当今世界充满不确定性,人们对未来既寄予期待又感到困惑。世界怎么了、我们怎么办?这是整个世界都在思考的问题,也是我一直在思考的问题。 I just attended the World Economic Forum Annual Meeting. In Davos, many speakers pointed out in their speeches that today's world is full of uncertainties and that people long for a bright future but are bewildered about what will come. What has happened to the world and how should we respond? The whole world is reflecting on this question, and it is also very much on my mind.
我认为,回答这个问题,首先要弄清楚一个最基本的问题,就是我们从哪里来、现在在哪里、将到哪里去? I believe that to answer this question, we need to get clear about a fundamental issue: Where did we come from? Where are we now? And where are we going?
回首最近100多年的历史,人类经历了血腥的热战、冰冷的冷战,也取得了惊人的发展、巨大的进步。上世纪上半叶以前,人类遭受了两次世界大战的劫难,那一代人最迫切的愿望,就是免于战争、缔造和平。上世纪五六十年代,殖民地人民普遍觉醒,他们最强劲的呼声,就是摆脱枷锁、争取独立。冷战结束后,各方最殷切的诉求,就是扩大合作、共同发展。 Over the past century and more, mankind has gone through bloody hot wars and the chilling Cold War, but also achieved remarkable development and huge progress. In the first half of last century, mankind suffered the scourges of two world wars, and the people yearned for the end of war and the advent of peace. In the 1950s and 1960s, people in colonies awakened and fought to shake off shackles and achieve independence. Since the end of the Cold War, people have pursued a shared aspiration, namely, to expand cooperation and promote common development.
这100多年全人类的共同愿望,就是和平与发展。然而,这项任务至今远远没有完成。我们要顺应人民呼声,接过历史接力棒,继续在和平与发展的马拉松跑道上奋勇向前。 Peace and development: this has been the aspiration held dear by mankind over the past century. However, the goal to achieve peace and development is far from being met. We need to respond to the people's call, take up the baton of history and forge ahead on the marathon track toward peace and development.
人类正处在大发展大变革大调整时期。世界多极化、经济全球化深入发展,社会信息化、文化多样化持续推进,新一轮科技革命和产业革命正在孕育成长,各国相互联系、相互依存,全球命运与共、休戚相关,和平力量的上升远远超过战争因素的增长,和平、发展、合作、共赢的时代潮流更加强劲。 Mankind is in an era of major development as well as profound transformation and change. The trend toward multi-polarity and economic globalization is surging. IT application in social development and cultural diversity are making continued progress. A new round of scientific and industrial revolution is in the making. Interconnection and interdependence between countries are crucial for human survival. The forces for peace far outweigh factors causing war, and the trend of our times toward peace, development, cooperation and win-win outcomes has gained stronger momentum.
同时,人类也正处在一个挑战层出不穷、风险日益增多的时代。世界经济增长乏力,金融危机阴云不散,发展鸿沟日益突出,兵戎相见时有发生,冷战思维和强权政治阴魂不散,恐怖主义、难民危机、重大传染性疾病、气候变化等非传统安全威胁持续蔓延。 On the other hand, mankind is also in an era of numerous challenges and increasing risks. Global growth is sluggish, the impact of the financial crisis lingers on and the development gap is widening. Armed conflicts occur from time to time, Cold War mentality and power politics still exist and non-conventional security threats, particularly terrorism, refugee crisis, major communicable diseases and climate change, are spreading.
宇宙只有一个地球,人类共有一个家园。霍金先生提出关于“平行宇宙”的猜想,希望在地球之外找到第二个人类得以安身立命的星球。这个愿望什么时候才能实现还是个未知数。到目前为止,地球是人类唯一赖以生存的家园,珍爱和呵护地球是人类的唯一选择。瑞士联邦大厦穹顶上刻着拉丁文铭文“人人为我,我为人人”。我们要为当代人着想,还要为子孙后代负责。 There is only one Earth in the universe and we mankind have only one homeland. Stephen Hawking has raised the proposition about "parallel universe", hoping to find another place in the universe where mankind could live. We do not know when his wish will come true. Until today, Earth is still the only home to mankind, so to care for and cherish it is the only option for us mankind. There is a Latin motto inscribed in the dome of the Federal Palace of Switzerland which says "Unus pro omnibus, omnes pro uno" (One for all, and all for one). We should not only think about our own generation, but also take responsibility for future ones.
女士们、先生们、朋友们! Ladies and Gentlemen, Friends,
让和平的薪火代代相传,让发展的动力源源不断,让文明的光芒熠熠生辉,是各国人民的期待,也是我们这一代政治家应有的担当。中国方案是:构建人类命运共同体,实现共赢共享。 Pass on the torch of peace from generation to generation, sustain development and make civilization flourish: this is what people of all countries long for; it is also the responsibility statesmen of our generation ought to shoulder. And China's proposition is: build a community of shared future for mankind and achieve shared and win-win development.
理念引领行动,方向决定出路。纵观近代以来的历史,建立公正合理的国际秩序是人类孜孜以求的目标。从360多年前《威斯特伐利亚和约》确立的平等和主权原则,到150多年前日内瓦公约确立的国际人道主义精神;从70多年前联合国宪章明确的四大宗旨和七项原则,到60多年前万隆会议倡导的和平共处五项原则,国际关系演变积累了一系列公认的原则。这些原则应该成为构建人类命运共同体的基本遵循。 Vision guides action and direction determines the future. As modern history shows, to establish a fair and equitable international order is the goal mankind has always striven for. From the principles of equality and sovereignty established in the Peace of Westphalia over 360 years ago to international humanitarianism affirmed in the Geneva Convention 150-plus years ago; from the four purposes and seven principles enshrined in the UN Charter more than 70 years ago to the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence championed by the Bandung Conference over 60 years ago, many principles have emerged in the evolution of international relations and become widely accepted. These principles should guide us in building a community of shared future for mankind.
主权平等,是数百年来国与国规范彼此关系最重要的准则,也是联合国及所有机构、组织共同遵循的首要原则。主权平等,真谛在于国家不分大小、强弱、贫富,主权和尊严必须得到尊重,内政不容干涉,都有权自主选择社会制度和发展道路。在联合国、世界贸易组织、世界卫生组织、世界知识产权组织、世界气象组织、国际电信联盟、万国邮政联盟、国际移民组织、国际劳工组织等机构,各国平等参与决策,构成了完善全球治理的重要力量。新形势下,我们要坚持主权平等,推动各国权利平等、机会平等、规则平等。 Sovereign equality is the most important norm governing state-to-state relations over the past centuries and the cardinal principle observed by the United Nations and all other international organizations. The essence of sovereign equality is that the sovereignty and dignity of all countries, whether big or small, strong or weak, rich or poor, must be respected, their internal affairs allow no interference and they have the right to independently choose their social system and development path. In organizations such as the United Nations, World Trade Organization, World Health Organization, World Intellectual Property Organization, World Meteorological Organization, International Telecommunication Union, Universal Postal Union, International Organization for Migration and International Labor Organization, countries have an equal voice in decision-making, constituting an important force for improving global governance. In a new era, we should uphold sovereign equality and work for equality in right, opportunity and rules for all countries.
日内瓦见证了印度支那和平问题最后宣言的通过,见证了冷战期间两大对峙阵营国家领导人首次和解会议,见证了伊朗核、叙利亚等热点问题对话和谈判。历史和现实给我们的启迪是:沟通协商是化解分歧的有效之策,政治谈判是解决冲突的根本之道。只要怀有真诚愿望,秉持足够善意,展现政治智慧,再大的冲突都能化解,再厚的坚冰都能打破。 Geneva witnessed the adoption of the Final Declaration on the Problem of Restoring Peace in Indo-China, the first summit meeting for reconciliation between the two blocs during the Cold War and the dialogue and negotiations on hotspot issues like the Iranian nuclear issue and the Syrian issue. What we can learn from both past and present is that dialogue and consultation is an effective way to bridge differences and political negotiation is the fundamental solution to end conflicts. When we have sincere wish, goodwill and political wisdom, no conflict is too big to settle and no ice is too thick to break.
“法者,治之端也”。在日内瓦,各国以联合国宪章为基础,就政治安全、贸易发展、社会人权、科技卫生、劳工产权、文化体育等领域达成了一系列国际公约和法律文书。法律的生命在于付诸实施,各国有责任维护国际法治权威,依法行使权利,善意履行义务。法律的生命也在于公平正义,各国和国际司法机构应该确保国际法平等统一适用,不能搞双重标准,不能“合则用、不合则弃”,真正做到“无偏无党,王道荡荡”。 An ancient Chinese philosopher said, "Law is the very foundation of governance." Here in Geneva, countries, on the basis of the UN Charter, concluded a number of international conventions and legal documents on political security, trade, development, social issues, human rights, science and technology, health, labor, intellectual property, culture and sports. The relevance of law lies in its enforcement. It is thus incumbent on all countries to uphold the authority of the international rule of law, exercise their rights in accordance with law and fulfill their obligations in good faith. The relevance of law also lies in fairness and justice. All countries and international judicial institutions should ensure equal and uniform application of international law and reject double standards and the practice of applying international law in a selective way, thus ensuring genuine equality and justice in the world.
“海纳百川,有容乃大。”开放包容,筑就了日内瓦多边外交大舞台。我们要推进国际关系民主化,不能搞“一国独霸”或“几方共治”。世界命运应该由各国共同掌握,国际规则应该由各国共同书写,全球事务应该由各国共同治理,发展成果应该由各国共同分享。 "The ocean is vast because it admits all rivers." Openness and inclusiveness have made Geneva a center of multilateral diplomacy. We should advance democracy in international relations and reject dominance by just one or several countries. All countries should jointly shape the future of the world, write international rules, manage global affairs and ensure that development outcomes are shared by all.
1862年,亨利·杜楠先生在《沙斐利洛的回忆》中追问:能否成立人道主义组织?能否制定人道主义公约?“杜楠之问”很快有了答案,次年,红十字国际委员会应运而生。经过150多年发展,红十字成为一种精神、一面旗帜。面对频发的人道主义危机,我们应该弘扬人道、博爱、奉献的精神,为身陷困境的无辜百姓送去关爱,送去希望;应该秉承中立、公正、独立的基本原则,避免人道主义问题政治化,坚持人道主义援助非军事化。 In 1862, in his book Un Souvenir de Solférino, Henry Dunant pondered the question of whether it is possible to set up humanitarian organizations and conclude humanitarian conventions. The answer came one year later with the founding of the International Committee of the Red Cross. Over the past 150-plus years, the Red Cross has become a symbol and a banner. In the face of frequent humanitarian crises, we should champion the spirit of humanity, compassion and dedication and give love and hope to the innocent people caught in dire situations. We should uphold the basic principles of neutrality, impartiality and independence, refrain from politicizing humanitarian issues and ensure non-militarization of humanitarian assistance.
女士们、先生们、朋友们! Ladies and Gentlemen, Friends,
大道至简,实干为要。构建人类命运共同体,关键在行动。我认为,国际社会要从伙伴关系、安全格局、经济发展、文明交流、生态建设等方面作出努力。 Great visions can be realized only through actions. Actions hold the key to building a community of shared future for mankind. To achieve this goal, the international community should promote partnership, security, growth, inter-civilization exchanges and the building of a sound ecosystem.
——坚持对话协商,建设一个持久和平的世界。国家和,则世界安;国家斗,则世界乱。从公元前的伯罗奔尼撒战争到两次世界大战,再到延续40余年的冷战,教训惨痛而深刻。“前事不忘,后事之师。”我们的先辈建立了联合国,为世界赢得70余年相对和平。我们要完善机制和手段,更好化解纷争和矛盾、消弭战乱和冲突。 -- We should stay committed to building a world of lasting peace through dialogue and consultation. When countries enjoy peace, so will the world; when countries fight, the world suffers. From the Peloponnesian War in the fifth century BC to the two world wars and the Cold War that lasted more than four decades, we have drawn painful and profound lessons. "History, if not forgotten, can serve as a guide for the future." By establishing the United Nations, those before us won more than 70 years of relative peace for the world. What we need to do is to improve the mechanisms and means to more effectively resolve disputes, reduce tension and put an end to wars and conflicts.
瑞士作家、诺贝尔文学奖获得者黑塞说:“不应为战争和毁灭效劳,而应为和平与谅解服务。”国家之间要构建对话不对抗、结伴不结盟的伙伴关系。大国要尊重彼此核心利益和重大关切,管控矛盾分歧,努力构建不冲突不对抗、相互尊重、合作共赢的新型关系。只要坚持沟通、真诚相处,“修昔底德陷阱”就可以避免。大国对小国要平等相待,不搞唯我独尊、强买强卖的霸道。任何国家都不能随意发动战争,不能破坏国际法治,不能打开潘多拉的盒子。核武器是悬在人类头上的“达摩克利斯之剑”,应该全面禁止并最终彻底销毁,实现无核世界。要秉持和平、主权、普惠、共治原则,把深海、极地、外空、互联网等领域打造成各方合作的新疆域,而不是相互博弈的竞技场。 The Swiss writer and Nobel laureate Hermann Hesse stressed the importance of serving "not war and destruction but peace and reconciliation". Countries should foster partnerships based on dialogue, non-confrontation and non-alliance. Major powers should respect each other's core interests and major concerns, keep their differences under control and build a new model of relations featuring non-conflict, non-confrontation, mutual respect and win-win cooperation. As long as we maintain communication and treat each other with sincerity, the "Thucydides trap" can be avoided. Big countries should treat smaller ones as equals instead of acting as a hegemon imposing their will on others. No country should open the Pandora's box by willfully waging wars or undermining the international rule of law. Nuclear weapons, the Sword of Damocles that hangs over mankind, should be completely prohibited and thoroughly destroyed over time to make the world free of nuclear weapons. Guided by the principle of peace, sovereignty, inclusiveness and shared governance, we should turn the deep sea, the polar regions, the outer space and the Internet into new frontiers for cooperation rather than a wrestling ground for competition.
——坚持共建共享,建设一个普遍安全的世界。世上没有绝对安全的世外桃源,一国的安全不能建立在别国的动荡之上,他国的威胁也可能成为本国的挑战。邻居出了问题,不能光想着扎好自家篱笆,而应该去帮一把。“单则易折,众则难摧。”各方应该树立共同、综合、合作、可持续的安全观。 -- We should build a world of common security for all through joint efforts. No country in the world can enjoy absolute security. A country cannot have security while others are in turmoil, as threats facing other countries may haunt itself also. When neighbors are in trouble, instead of tightening his own fences, one should extend a helping hand to them. As a saying goes, "United we stand, divided we fall." All countries should pursue common, comprehensive, cooperative and sustainable security.
近年来,在欧洲、北非、中东发生的恐怖袭击事件再次表明,恐怖主义是人类公敌。反恐是各国共同义务,既要治标,更要治本。要加强协调,建立全球反恐统一战线,为各国人民撑起安全伞。当前,难民数量已经创下第二次世界大战结束以来的历史纪录。危机需要应对,根源值得深思。如果不是有家难归,谁会颠沛流离?联合国难民署、国际移民组织等要发挥统筹协调作用,动员全球力量有效应对。中国决定提供2亿元人民币新的人道援助,用于帮助叙利亚难民和流离失所者。恐怖主义、难民危机等问题都同地缘冲突密切相关,化解冲突是根本之策。当事各方要通过协商谈判,其他各方应该积极劝和促谈,尊重联合国发挥斡旋主渠道作用。禽流感、埃博拉、寨卡等疫情不断给国际卫生安全敲响警钟。世界卫生组织要发挥引领作用,加强疫情监测、信息沟通、经验交流、技术分享。国际社会应该加大对非洲等发展中国家卫生事业的支持和援助。 Terrorist attacks that have occurred in Europe, North Africa and the Middle East in recent years once again demonstrate that terrorism is the common enemy of mankind. Fighting terrorism is the shared responsibility of all countries. In fighting terror, we should not just treat the symptoms, but remove its root causes. We should enhance coordination and build a global united front against terrorism so as to create an umbrella of security for people around the world. The number of refugees has hit a record high since the end of the Second World War. While tackling the crisis, we should also get to its roots. Why would anyone want to be displaced if they have a home to return to? UNHCR and the International Organization for Migration should act as the coordinator to mobilize the whole world to respond effectively to the refugee crisis. China has decided to provide an additional 200 million yuan of humanitarian assistance for refugees and the displaced of Syria. As terrorism and refugee crises are closely linked to geopolitical conflicts, resolving conflicts provides the fundamental solution to such problems. Parties directly involved should return to the negotiating table, and other parties should work to facilitate talks for peace, and we should all respect the role the UN plays as the main channel for mediation. Pandemic diseases such as bird flu, Ebola and Zika have sounded the alarm for international health security. The WHO should play a leadership role in strengthening epidemic monitoring and sharing of information, practices and technologies. The international community should step up support and assistance for public health in African countries and other developing countries.
——坚持合作共赢,建设一个共同繁荣的世界。发展是第一要务,适用于各国。各国要同舟共济,而不是以邻为壑。各国特别是主要经济体要加强宏观政策协调,兼顾当前和长远,着力解决深层次问题。要抓住新一轮科技革命和产业变革的历史性机遇,转变经济发展方式,坚持创新驱动,进一步发展社会生产力、释放社会创造力。要维护世界贸易组织规则,支持开放、透明、包容、非歧视性的多边贸易体制,构建开放型世界经济。如果搞贸易保护主义、画地为牢,损人不利己。 -- We should build a world of common prosperity through win-win cooperation. Development is the top priority for all countries. Instead of beggaring thy neighbor, countries should stick together like passengers in the same boat. All countries, the main economies in particular, should strengthen macro policy coordination, pursue both current and long-term interests and focus on resolving deep-seated problems. We should seize the historic opportunity presented by the new round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial transformation, shift growth models, drive growth through innovation and further unleash social productivity and social creativity. We should uphold WTO rules, support an open, transparent, inclusive and nondiscriminatory multilateral trading regime and build an open world economy. Trade protectionism and self-isolation will benefit no one.
经济全球化是历史大势,促成了贸易大繁荣、投资大便利、人员大流动、技术大发展。本世纪初以来,在联合国主导下,借助经济全球化,国际社会制定和实施了千年发展目标和2030年可持续发展议程,推动11亿人口脱贫,19亿人口获得安全饮用水,35亿人口用上互联网等,还将在2030年实现零贫困。这充分说明,经济全球化的大方向是正确的。当然,发展失衡、治理困境、数字鸿沟、公平赤字等问题也客观存在。这些是前进中的问题,我们要正视并设法解决,但不能因噎废食。 Economic globalization, a surging historical trend, has greatly facilitated trade, investment, flow of people and technological advances. Since the turn of the century, under the auspices of the UN and riding on the waves of economic globalization, the international community has set the Millennium Development Goals and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Thanks to these initiatives, 1.1 billion people have been lifted out of poverty, 1.9 billion people now have access to safe drinking water, 3.5 billion people have gained access to the Internet, and the goal has been set to eradicate extreme poverty by 2030. All this demonstrates that economic globalization is moving in the right direction. Of course, challenges such as development disparity, governance dilemma, digital divide and equity deficit still exist. But they are growing pains. We should face these problems and tackle them, instead of taking no action, as we Chinese like to say, one should not stop eating for fear of getting choked.
我们要从历史中汲取智慧。历史学家早就断言,经济快速发展使社会变革成为必需,经济发展易获支持,而社会变革常遭抵制。我们不能因此踟蹰不前,而要砥砺前行。我们也要从现实中寻找答案。2008年爆发的国际金融危机启示我们,引导经济全球化健康发展,需要加强协调、完善治理,推动建设一个开放、包容、普惠、平衡、共赢的经济全球化,既要做大蛋糕,更要分好蛋糕,着力解决公平公正问题。 We should draw inspiration from history. Historians told us long ago that rapid economic development makes social reform necessary; but people tend to support the former while rejecting the latter. Instead of watching in hesitation, we should move forward against all odds. Answers can also be found in reality. The 2008 international financial crisis teaches us that we should strengthen coordination and improve governance so as to ensure sound growth of economic globalization and make it open, inclusive, balanced and beneficial to all. We should both make the cake bigger and share it fairly to ensure justice and equity.
去年9月,二十国集团领导人杭州峰会聚焦全球经济治理等重大问题,通过《创新增长蓝图》,首次将发展问题纳入全球宏观政策框架,并制定了行动计划。 Last September, the G20 Summit in Hangzhou focused on global economic governance and other major issues, adopted the Blueprint on Innovative Growth, put development for the first time in global macro policy framework, and formulated an action plan.
——坚持交流互鉴,建设一个开放包容的世界。“和羹之美,在于合异。”人类文明多样性是世界的基本特征,也是人类进步的源泉。世界上有200多个国家和地区、2500多个民族、多种宗教。不同历史和国情,不同民族和习俗,孕育了不同文明,使世界更加丰富多彩。文明没有高下、优劣之分,只有特色、地域之别。文明差异不应该成为世界冲突的根源,而应该成为人类文明进步的动力。 -- We should build an open and inclusive world through exchanges and mutual learning. Delicious soup is made by combining different ingredients. Diversity of human civilizations not only defines our world, but also drives progress of mankind. There are more than 200 countries and regions, over 2,500 ethnic groups and multiple religions in our world. Different histories, national conditions, ethnic groups and customs give birth to different civilizations and make the world a colorful one. There is no such thing as a superior or inferior civilization, and civilizations are different only in identity and location. Diversity of civilizations should not be a source of global conflict; rather, it should be an engine driving the advance of human civilizations.
每种文明都有其独特魅力和深厚底蕴,都是人类的精神瑰宝。不同文明要取长补短、共同进步,让文明交流互鉴成为推动人类社会进步的动力、维护世界和平的纽带。 Every civilization, with its own appeal and root, is a human treasure. Diverse civilizations should draw on each other to achieve common progress. We should make exchanges among civilizations a source of inspiration for advancing human society and a bond that keeps the world in peace.
——坚持绿色低碳,建设一个清洁美丽的世界。人与自然共生共存,伤害自然最终将伤及人类。空气、水、土壤、蓝天等自然资源用之不觉、失之难续。工业化创造了前所未有的物质财富,也产生了难以弥补的生态创伤。我们不能吃祖宗饭、断子孙路,用破坏性方式搞发展。绿水青山就是金山银山。我们应该遵循天人合一、道法自然的理念,寻求永续发展之路。 -- We should make our world clean and beautiful by pursuing green and low-carbon development. Man coexists with nature, which means that any harm to nature will eventually come back to haunt man. We hardly notice natural resources such as air, water, soil and blue sky when we have them. But we won't be able to survive without them. Industrialization has created material wealth never seen before, but it has also inflicted irreparable damage to the environment. We must not exhaust all the resources passed on to us by previous generations and leave nothing to our children or pursue development in a destructive way. Clear waters and green mountains are as good as mountains of gold and silver. We must maintain harmony between man and nature and pursue sustainable development.
我们要倡导绿色、低碳、循环、可持续的生产生活方式,平衡推进2030年可持续发展议程,不断开拓生产发展、生活富裕、生态良好的文明发展道路。《巴黎协定》的达成是全球气候治理史上的里程碑。我们不能让这一成果付诸东流。各方要共同推动协定实施。中国将继续采取行动应对气候变化,百分之百承担自己的义务。 We should pursue green, low-carbon, circular and sustainable way of life and production, advance the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development in a balanced manner and explore a model of sound development that ensures growth, better lives and a good environment. The Paris Agreement is a milestone in the history of climate governance. We must ensure this endeavor is not derailed. All parties should work together to implement the Paris Agreement. China will continue to take steps to tackle climate change and fully honor its obligations.
瑞士军刀是瑞士“工匠精神”的产物。我第一次得到一把瑞士军刀时,我就很佩服人们能赋予它那么多功能。我想,如果我们能为我们这个世界打造一把精巧的瑞士军刀就好了,人类遇到了什么问题,就用其中一个工具来解决它。我相信,只要国际社会不懈努力,这样一把瑞士军刀是可以打造出来的。 Swiss army knife embodies Swiss craftsmanship. When I first got one, I was amazed that it has so many functions. I cannot help thinking how wonderful it would be if an exquisite Swiss army knife could be made for our world. When there is a problem, we can use one of the tools on the knife to fix it. I believe that with unremitting efforts of the international community, such a knife can be made.
女士们、先生们、朋友们! Ladies and Gentlemen, Friends,
中国人始终认为,世界好,中国才能好;中国好,世界才更好。面向未来,很多人关心中国的政策走向,国际社会也有很多议论。在这里,我给大家一个明确的回答。 For us Chinese, China will do well only when the world does well, and vice versa. Many people are quite interested in what policies China will pursue, and we have heard various views. Here, I wish to give you an explicit answer.
第一,中国维护世界和平的决心不会改变。中华文明历来崇尚“以和邦国”、“和而不同”、“以和为贵”。中国《孙子兵法》是一部著名兵书,但其第一句话就讲:“兵者,国之大事,死生之地,存亡之道,不可不察也”,其要义是慎战、不战。几千年来,和平融入了中华民族的血脉中,刻进了中国人民的基因里。 First, China remains unchanged in its commitment to uphold world peace. Amity with neighbors, harmony without uniformity and peace are values cherished in the Chinese culture. The Art of War, a Chinese classic, begins with this observation, "The art of war is of vital importance to the State. It is a matter of life and death, a road to either survival or ruin. Hence it demands careful study." What it means is that every effort should be made to prevent a war and great caution must be exercised when it comes to fighting a war. For several millennia, peace has been in the blood of us Chinese and a part of our DNA.
数百年前,即使中国强盛到国内生产总值占世界30%的时候,也从未对外侵略扩张。1840年鸦片战争后的100多年里,中国频遭侵略和蹂躏之害,饱受战祸和动乱之苦。孔子说,己所不欲,勿施于人。中国人民深信,只有和平安宁才能繁荣发展。 Several centuries ago, China was strong and its GDP accounted for 30% of the global total. Even then, China was never engaged in aggression or expansion. In over 100 years after the 1840 Opium War, China suffered immensely from aggression, wars and chaos. Confucius said, "Do not do to others what you do not want others to do to you." We Chinese firmly believe that peace and stability is the only way to development and prosperity.
中国从一个积贫积弱的国家发展成为世界第二大经济体,靠的不是对外军事扩张和殖民掠夺,而是人民勤劳、维护和平。中国将始终不渝走和平发展道路。无论中国发展到哪一步,中国永不称霸、永不扩张、永不谋求势力范围。历史已经并将继续证明这一点。 China has grown from a poor and weak country to the world's second largest economy not by committing military expansion or colonial plunder, but through the hard work of its people and our efforts to uphold peace. China will never waver in its pursuit of peaceful development. No matter how strong its economy grows, China will never seek hegemony, expansion or sphere of influence. History has borne this out and will continue to do so.
第二,中国促进共同发展的决心不会改变。中国有句古语叫“落其实思其树,饮其流怀其源”。中国发展得益于国际社会,中国也为全球发展作出了贡献。中国将继续奉行互利共赢的开放战略,将自身发展机遇同世界各国分享,欢迎各国搭乘中国发展的“顺风车”。 Second, China remains unchanged in its commitment to pursue common development. An old Chinese saying goes, when you reap fruits, you should remember the tree; when you drink water, you should remember its source. China's development has been possible because of the world, and China has contributed to the world's development. We will continue to pursue a win-win strategy of opening-up, share our development opportunities with other countries and welcome them aboard the fast train of China's development.
1950年至2016年,中国累计对外提供援款4000多亿元人民币,今后将继续在力所能及的范围内加大对外帮扶。国际金融危机爆发以来,中国经济增长对世界经济增长的贡献率年均在30%以上。未来5年,中国将进口8万亿美元的商品,吸收6000亿美元的外来投资,中国对外投资总额将达到7500亿美元,出境旅游将达到7亿人次。这将为世界各国发展带来更多机遇。 Between 1950 and 2016, China provided foreign countries with over 400 billion yuan of aid, and we will continue to increase assistance to others as its ability permits. Since the outbreak of the international financial crisis, China has contributed to over 30% of global growth each year on average. In the coming five years, China will import eight trillion US dollars of goods, attract 600 billion US dollars of foreign investment, make 750 billion US dollars of outbound investment, and Chinese tourists will make 700 million outbound visits. All this will bring more development opportunities to other countries.

中国坚持走符合本国国情的发展道路,始终把人民权利放在首位,不断促进和保护人权。中国解决了13亿多人口的温饱问题,让7亿多人口摆脱贫困,这是对世界人权事业的重大贡献。

我提出“一带一路”倡议,就是要实现共赢共享发展。目前,已经有100多个国家和国际组织积极响应支持,一大批早期收获项目落地开花。中国支持建设好亚洲基础设施投资银行等新型多边金融机构,为国际社会提供更多公共产品。

China pursues a path of development in keeping with its national conditions. We always put people's rights and interests above everything else and have worked hard to advance and uphold human rights. China has met the basic living needs of its 1.3 billion-plus people and lifted over 700 million people out of poverty, which is a significant contribution to the global cause of human rights. The Belt and Road initiative I put forward aims to achieve win-win and shared development. Over 100 countries and international organizations have supported the initiative, and a large number of early harvest projects have been launched. China supports the successful operation of the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank and other new multilateral financial institutions in order to provide more public goods to the international community.
第三,中国打造伙伴关系的决心不会改变。中国坚持独立自主的和平外交政策,在和平共处五项原则基础上同所有国家发展友好合作。中国率先把建立伙伴关系确定为国家间交往的指导原则,同90多个国家和区域组织建立了不同形式的伙伴关系。中国将进一步联结遍布全球的“朋友圈”。 Third, China remains unchanged in its commitment to foster partnerships. China pursues an independent foreign policy of peace, and is ready to enhance friendship and cooperation with all other countries on the basis of the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence. China is the first country to make partnership-building a principle guiding state-to-state relations. It has formed partnerships of various forms with over 90 countries and regional organizations, and will build a circle of friends across the world.
中国将努力构建总体稳定、均衡发展的大国关系框架,积极同美国发展新型大国关系,同俄罗斯发展全面战略协作伙伴关系,同欧洲发展和平、增长、改革、文明伙伴关系,同金砖国家发展团结合作的伙伴关系。中国将继续坚持正确义利观,深化同发展中国家务实合作,实现同呼吸、共命运、齐发展。中国将按照亲诚惠容理念同周边国家深化互利合作,秉持真实亲诚对非政策理念同非洲国家共谋发展,推动中拉全面合作伙伴关系实现新发展。 China will endeavor to put in place a framework of relations with major powers featuring general stability and balanced growth. We will strive to build a new model of major country relations with the United States, a comprehensive strategic partnership of coordination with Russia, partnership for peace, growth, reform and among different civilizations with Europe, and a partnership of unity and cooperation with BRICS countries. China will continue to uphold justice and friendship and pursue shared interests, and boost pragmatic cooperation with other developing countries to achieve common development. We will further enhance mutually beneficial cooperation with our neighbors under the principle of amity, sincerity, mutual benefit and inclusiveness. We will pursue common development with African countries in a spirit of sincerity, being result oriented, affinity and good faith. And we will elevate our comprehensive cooperative partnership with Latin America to a higher level.
第四,中国支持多边主义的决心不会改变。多边主义是维护和平、促进发展的有效路径。长期以来,联合国等国际机构做了大量工作,为维护世界总体和平、持续发展的态势作出了有目共睹的贡献。 Fourth, China remains unchanged in its commitment to multilateralism. Multilateralism is an effective way to preserve peace and promote development. For decades, the United Nations and other international institutions have made a universally recognized contribution to maintaining global peace and sustaining development.
中国是联合国创始成员国,是第一个在联合国宪章上签字的国家。中国将坚定维护以联合国为核心的国际体系,坚定维护以联合国宪章宗旨和原则为基石的国际关系基本准则,坚定维护联合国权威和地位,坚定维护联合国在国际事务中的核心作用。 China is a founding member of the United Nations and the first country to put its signature on the UN Charter. China will firmly uphold the international system with the UN as its core, the basic norms governing international relations embodied in the purposes and principles of the UN Charter, the authority and stature of the UN, and its core role in international affairs.
中国-联合国和平与发展基金已经正式投入运营,中国将把资金优先用于联合国及日内瓦相关国际机构提出的和平与发展项目。随着中国持续发展,中国支持多边主义的力度也将越来越大。 The China-UN Peace and Development Fund has been officially inaugurated. We will make funds available to peace and development oriented programs proposed by the UN and its agencies in Geneva on a priority basis. China's support for multilateralism will increase as the country continues to develop itself.
女士们、先生们、朋友们! Ladies and Gentlemen, Friends,
对中国来讲,日内瓦具有一份特殊的记忆和情感。1954年,周恩来总理率团出席日内瓦会议,同苏联、美国、英国、法国等共同讨论政治解决朝鲜问题和印度支那停战问题,展现和平精神,为世界和平贡献了中国智慧。1971年,中国恢复在联合国的合法席位、重返日内瓦国际机构后,逐步参与裁军、经贸、人权、社会等各领域事务,为重大问题解决和重要规则制定提供了中国方案。近年来,中国积极参与伊朗核、叙利亚等热点问题的对话和谈判,为推动政治解决作出了中国贡献。中国先后成功向国际奥委会申办夏季和冬季两届奥运会和残奥会,中国10多项世界自然遗产和文化自然双重遗产申请得到世界自然保护联盟支持,呈现了中国精彩。 Geneva invokes a special memory to us. In 1954, Premier Zhou Enlai led a Chinese delegation to the Geneva Conference, and worked with the Soviet Union, the United States, the United Kingdom and France to seek political settlement of the Korean issue and a ceasefire in Indo-China. This demonstrated China's desire for peace and contributed Chinese wisdom to world peace. Since 1971 when China regained its lawful seat in the UN and began to return to international agencies in Geneva, China has gradually involved itself in disarmament, trade, development, human rights and social issues, putting forth Chinese proposals for the resolution of major issues and the making of important rules. In recent years, China has taken an active part in dialogues and negotiations on the Iranian nuclear issue, the Syrian issue and other hotspot issues, giving Chinese input to their political settlement. China applied to the International Olympic Committee to host both the summer and winter Olympic and Paralympic Games, and we have won the bids. In addition, we have gained endorsement from the International Union for Conservation of Nature for over a dozen applications for world natural heritage sites as well as world cultural and natural heritage sites. All this has presented Chinese splendor to the world.
女士们、先生们、朋友们! Ladies and Gentlemen, Friends,
中国古人说:“善学者尽其理,善行者究其难。”构建人类命运共同体是一个美好的目标,也是一个需要一代又一代人接力跑才能实现的目标。中国愿同广大成员国、国际组织和机构一道,共同推进构建人类命运共同体的伟大进程。 The ancient Chinese believed that "one should be good at finding the laws of things and solving problems". Building a community of shared future is an exciting goal, and it requires efforts from generation after generation. China is ready to work with all the other UN member states as well as international organizations and agencies to advance the great cause of building a community of shared future for mankind.
1月28日,中国人民将迎来农历丁酉新年,也就是鸡年春节。鸡年寓意光明和吉祥。“金鸡一唱千门晓。”我祝大家新春快乐、万事如意! On 28 January, we Chinese will celebrate the Chinese New Year, the Year of the Rooster. The rooster symbolizes bright prospects and auspiciousness. As a Chinese saying goes, the crow of the golden rooster heralds a great day for all. With that, I wish you all the very best and a very happy Chinese New Year!
谢谢大家。 Thank you.
(Source: Xinhua)

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